Infographics ideas can be defined as graphical visuals representation of knowledge, information or data to show and present information quick and clearly. Inforgraphics techniques have been improved by different graphics to present and enhance visual system skills to see trends and patterns. This process of creating infographics called as information design and data visualization. There are many patterns which used for inforgraphics such as shape, color, size and position. Visualization can be categorized into mainly five types- Maps, networking, time-series data, and statistical distribution. There are many Infographics tools such as by using pencils, rulers, markers and graph papers. Software mostly used includes Inkscape and Adobe Illustrator. Many other websites are there which provide tools to design infographics.
There are three parts of infographics such as the Knowledge, the visual and the content which consist of graphics and colors. Reference and theme are two types of graphics which are included in all inforgraphics to represent visual presentation of data. Through effective visual elements infographics becomes more understanding to human. Users get easily attracted to visual graphics and visual presentation. Brain captures all images and gets processed faster than text. While designing infographic some considerations must be made to increase effectiveness of graphics visualization. The components of visual encoding are connection, retinal properties, temporary encoding and spatial.